o Tenured professor (linguistics) transitioned to technology mid-career.
o Multiple awards, extensive publications, two patents, bug-free products
o Invented CRESS, Consistent Regular English Writing System, carefully engineered for the reading problem . AI converter transliterates.  Full solution to the reading problem, optimized multiple ways.
o Sole architect/implementer of first Internet speech recognition (using client’s existing recognizer) in 1996; patent for this architecture was acquired by Google during advent of Google Chrome.
o Government Research Award: Speech/telephony platform for BBN-DARPA Communicator 2000 Distinguished Investigator Award for Excellence in Industrial Research
o Design/implementation: first electronic dictionary (Houghton-Mifflin) won PC Magazine Best Product, Byte Magazine Award of Merit, etc. – TSR multitasking unsupported in the PC OS.
o Multiple-engine speech recognition platform for children in reading/literacy software for, Lexia Learning.
o Author AVIOS best paper award in conference proceedings.
o Invented (provisional patent) “helpfulness” UI feature adopted by Amazon, now widely prevalent.
o Founded (6 M users). Calculated pitfall of non point-of-sale consumer review sites (All want reviews but only 1/1000 provide them), precluding loss of 10s of millions of VC funding experienced by similar ventures.
o Member of Kurzweil team that developed the first commercial large vocabulary speech recognition word processor
o Wrote grammar of radiology reports discovering potential for speech recognition in medical reporting (accuracy from dynamic domain switching).
o Invented/implemented concept of a dynamic user interface driven by incoming a data file presaging the Inet browser.
o Computerized Database of Labrador Inuttut pioneered native language machine learning.
o Created a language model for Inuttut, the first for a native (polysynthetic) language – high accuracy for morphological analyis of unseen data.
o Reduced the Labrador Inuktitut to phonemic writing, spurring orthographic modernization.
o Initiator of Labrador newspaper Kinatuinnamot: Illengajuk
o Inuttut publications helped drive generative linguistics away from dividing morphology from syntax to distributed model, offered Visiting Scholar year at MIT, unused due to family needs.
o Earliest implementation of outlining feature for word processing soon implemented in Microsoft Word etc.
o Published Eskaleut linguistic element of civilization 4000 years ago.
o Promulgated sign language over oralism in Newfoundland by offering ground-breaking university course.
o Building on Van Riper, created/implemented a comprehensive stuttering therapy with complete success for one child.
o Contributed research and linguistic software modules for leading companies: Microsoft, Lotus, BBN, Executive Perspectives, INSO/Houghton Mifflin, Lexia Learning


Primary Author/Implementor of Internet Architecture; Sold to Google (R)

Client/server speech processor/recognizer


Sole Author; Sold to Consortium

Process for enhancing queries for information retrieval



  1. Speculative founder of the Prospective Preprint Journal of Language Potential
  2. Lawrence R. Smith, “A Preface to the Phonemicizations” in Eskimo-English Dictionary. St. John’s NF, Memorial University, 1974 Pp. 1-3.
  3. Lawrence R. Smith, A BiblioVect Guide to the Literature in English Theoretical Syntax (Information Reduction Research, 1982).
  4. Lawrence R. Smith, A Survey of the Derivational Postbases of Labrador Inuttut (Eskimo) (Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, 1978).
  5. “An Analysis of Verbal Derivation and Complementation in Labrador Inuttut (Eskimo)”.
  6. Smith, L.R. and Metcalfe, S., English-Labrador Inuttut Glossary (Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1974).
  7. Smith, L.R. and Metcalfe, S., Inuttut-English Glossary (Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1974).
  8. Lawrence R. Smith, “Preface to the Phonemicizations” pp. 1-3  Eskimo-English Dictionary, Peacock, F.W. (1974).
  9. Lawrence R. Smith, “Values for Phonemic Spelling” p. 5 Labrador Inuit Uqausingit, Jeddore, Rose, ed. Labrador Inuit Committee on Literacy (Nain, 1976).
  10. Lawrence R. Smith, “Incorporation as a Cyclic Process in Labrador Inuttut,” Etudes/Inuit/Studies 3, no. 2 (1979).
  11. Lawrence R. Smith, “Labrador Inuttut (Eskimo) and the Theory of Morphology,” Studies in Language 6, no. 2 (1982).
  12. Lawrence R. Smith, “Labrador Inuttut Inverted Number Marking, Exchange Rules and Morphological Markedness,” Linguistics 17.
  13. Lawrence R. Smith, “Labrador Inuttut Surface Morphology,” International Journal of American Linguistics 41, no. 2 (1975).
  14. Lawrence R. Smith, “On the Nonergativity and Intransitivity of Relative Clauses in Labrador Inuttut (Eskimo),” in The Syntax of Native American Languages (Academic Press, 1984).
  15. Lawrence R. Smith, “Passive as a Two-Cycle Process in Inuktitut,” Etudes/Inuit/Studies 5, no. Supplementary (1981).
  16. Lawrence R. Smith, “Propositional Nominalization in Labrador Inuttut (Eskimo),” Linguistics 19 (1981).
  17. Lawrence R. Smith, “Some Categories and Processes of Labrador Inuttut Word Formation,” International Journal of American Linguistics 46, no. 4 (1980).
  18. L.R. Smith, Some Grammatical Aspects of Labrador Inuttut (Eskimo): a survey of the inflectional paradigms of nouns and verbs (Ottawa: National Museum of Man, Canadian Ethnology Service, 1977).
  19. L.R. Smith, “Some Morphophonemic Processes of Labrador Inuttut Affixation,” International Journal of American Linguistics 43, no. 2 (1977).
  20. Lawrence R. Smith, “Some Properties of Labrador Inuttut Verbal Derivation,” Etudes/Inuit/Studies 2, no. 2 (1978).
  21. Lawrence R. Smith, “Some Recent Phonological and Orthographic Changes in Labrador Inuttut,” in Eskimo Languages, Their Present-Day Conditions (Aarhus: Arkona, 1979), 106 ff.
  22. Lawrence R. Smith, “Some Subjective Reactions to Expletive Use in Newfoundland,” Papers in Linguistics Fall & Winter (1978).
  23. Larry Smith et al., “Toward Voice Applications for Children,” International Journal of Speech Technology 5, no. 4 (2002).
  24. Larry Smith, “On Tool Grammar”, Inference: International Review of Science, Vol 3 Issue 3, November 2017
  25. Larry Smith, Cognitax Tool Grammar: Re-factoring the Generative Program; A pervasive action dimension for linguistic description, theory and models, LingBuzz,September 2017 Cognitax Tool Grammar
  26. Lawrence Smith, Purpose in Generative Syntax: An Outline of Tool Grammar, LingBuzz,September 2024  (most recent version)
  27. Lawrence R. Smith, “Labrador Inuttut Inverted Number Marking: Ongoing Questions”, Etudes/Inuit Studies, Volume 43, Nos. 1, 2, 2020
  28. Lawrence Smith, “Reflexive Syntax as Management of Uncertainty”, Prospective Preprint  Journal of Linguistic Potential, Vol.1 No.1, 2024,
  29. Lawrence Smith, “Fourteen Arguments for Syntax with Compatible Intents”, Prospective Preprint  Journal of Linguistic Potential, Vol.1 No.1, 2024
  30. Lawrence Smith, “The Computerized Database of Labrador Inuttut : A Language Revitalization Technology Component”,  Prospective Preprint  Journal of Linguistic Potential, Vol.1 No.1, 2024
  31.  Lawrence Smith, “An Information Processing Model of Stuttering”, Prospective Preprint  Journal of Linguistic Potential, Vol.1 No.1, 2024
  32. Lawrence Smith, “A Successful Case of Intensive Stuttering Therapy for a Child”, Prospective Preprint  Journal of Linguistic Potential, Vol.1 No.1, 2024
  33. Lawrence Smith, “A Polysynthetic Statistical Language Model for Preservation of Inuttut Language in Nunatsiavut Labrador”, Prospective Preprint  Journal of Linguistic Potential, Vol.1 No.1, 2024

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